The Treasury’s independent forecaster is to review the axeing of tax-free shopping for tourists, raising the possibility that a decision that leisure companies and retailers have blasted for deterring visitors and losing the UK billions in sales could be reversed.
With a change of heart likely to be seen as a shot in the arm for struggling businesses, the Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) is to examine the costs and benefits associated with Rishi Sunak’s 2020 decision to end the retail scheme when he was chancellor of the exchequer.
Richard Hughes, chair of the OBR, said the government spending watchdog plans to publish its conclusions alongside the budget next month.
In a letter to Conservative backbench MP Sir Geoffrey Robert Clifton-Brown in December, he said: “We will undertake this analysis in the first months of 2024 with an aim of publishing its conclusions alongside the spring budget.”
The review, first reported in the Sunday Times, comes “in the light of subsequent evidence on international visitor numbers and their consumption patterns and the analysis carried out by a number of outside bodies”, the letter added.
The Treasury has estimated that restoring VAT-free shopping will cost the exchequer £2bn, but Hughes has said “this was not analysis undertaken by the OBR”.
Last year, as part of an industry campaign to scrap the tax, the economics consultancy the Centre for Economics and Business Research said the removal of tax-free shopping was costing the UK economy £10.7bn a year and deterring 2 million tourists annually.
It added: “Despite our analysis showing clear economic benefits associated with a VAT refund scheme and demonstrating the analytical errors in the government’s calculations, the decision to terminate the scheme was upheld.”
The “tourist tax” has even been blamed for contributing to the recent slump in the share price of Watches of Switzerland last month – as the UK’s biggest seller of Rolex and Omega timepieces became the latest luxury retailer to experience reduced spending by aspirational shoppers.
Not including the super-rich, US or Asian shoppers looking for a handbag or a luxury watch are more likely to allocate more of their budget to boutiques in Paris or Milan rather than London as a result, retailers claim.
Last year, Gerry Murphy, chair of fashion group Burberry, criticised Sunak while the prime minister was attending a business event, saying that the then chancellor’s decision to remove tax-free shopping for tourists was “somewhat perverse” and a “spectacular own goal.”
Attempts to persuade the government to revisit the decision were renewed this weekend with the launch of a new campaign by Heathrow airport, the British Chambers of Commerce and the Federation of Small Businesses.
In a joint statement, the campaign urged the government to “scrap the tourist tax”, arguing that “almost overnight, tourists saw prices hiked by 20 percent compared with this country’s closest European neighbours, delivering a blow to British businesses at a time when many were struggling to survive.”
“The reality is, every sale diverted from British tills to the European continent puts at risk the wages and livelihoods of thousands reliant on retail and the domestic side of its supply chain.
“It is not often that 400-plus businesses, more than 50 cross-party MPs and the regional mayors all agree, but on this occasion, everyone is aligned. The UK being the only country in Europe not to offer a proper tax-free shopping incentive to visitors makes the country an uncompetitive, unattractive place to spend and do business.”
The Treasury said: “We keep all taxes under review and recognise the value that retailers bring to Britain. That is why we announced a £4.3bn business rates package at autumn statement to support businesses and the high street.
“VAT-free shopping remains available for all non-UK visitors buying items in store and having them sent directly to their overseas address.”
UK Luxury Brands Urge Government to Bring Back Tax-Free Shopping
A group of 250 luxury UK brands, including Burberry Group Plc and Harrods Ltd, have called on the government to reintroduce tax-free shopping for tourists as a way to boost the economy.